Normally, air moves easily into and out of the lungs through a network of airways. If you have asthma, however, the inside walls of your airways are inflamed. When the airways react, a few things happen: the muscles around these airways tighten, inflammation inside the airways increases, and cells inside the airways produce more mucus. This narrows the airways and makes it harder to breathe.
Intal is an asthma medication that belongs to a group of drugs called mast cell stabilizers. In response to allergens (substances that cause allergic reactions) and certain conditions, mast cells in the body (especially the lungs) release chemicals that cause the airways to react and tighten. By stabilizing the mast cells, Intal prevents the mast cells from releasing the chemicals, which prevents asthma attacks due to exercise, aspirin, cold air, and allergens.
Intal inhalers are approved for asthma treatment in children five years of age and older. The Intal nebulizer solution is approved for children as young as two years old. Young children usually require help using Intal correctly. Be sure to talk to your healthcare provider about the best ways to treat childhood asthma.
On occasion, your healthcare provider may recommend Intal for uses other than preventing asthma attacks. At this time, there are no universally accepted off-label Intal uses.